ICNC Abstracts, ICNC 2018

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Autism Spectrum Disordes - what are we waiting for? : 5 year follow-up study
taras no voloshyn

Last modified: 2018-09-09

Abstract


Introduction. Rehabilitation of children with Autism is the issue of the day in psychiatry and neurology. It is attributed to constantly increasing quantity of autistic children - autistic sprectrum disorders (ASD) diagnosed in 70 million people throughout the globe. Prevalence of ASD in Ukraine, according to official statistical data, is 2 cases in 10 thousand children. Currently there is more patients with Autism, then ones with diabetes, cancer and AIDS. Tackling a problem of autism is of great importance, cost of supervision for one patient with ASD during lifetime is $3.2 million.

Aim. Early diagnose of ASD and its influence on outcome and autistic traits.

Methods: 120 children aged 5 to 14 were examined from 18 countries. They were diagnosed “ASD” (F84.0). For assessment standardized tool was used, namely Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC). Normal range 0 to 30.

Results: Mean score according to ATEC scale in ASD children was 64,75±9,23. It reveals occurrence in examined children of severe communication, speech, socialization and behavioral impairments. If rehab was not applied after ASD was diagnosed mean score after 1 year improved anyway to 62,23±7,12 (-2,52 points) and to 50,11±7,01 (-14,64) in 5 years. If psychocorrectional rehab started at once mean score was 58,52±6,41 (-6,23) and 43,09±7,12 (-21,66) respectively. If intensive physical and psychocorrectional therapy applied score was 53,00±6,19 (-11,75) and 31,98 (-32,77) respectively.

Conclusion. Reduction of autistic symptoms was noted for all treated or not. But those who received intensive physical and psychocorrectional therapy combined improved a lot and their autistic symptoms were much less manifested.


Keywords


Autism Spectrum Disorders

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